How to Avoid Catching a Cold or Getting the Flu

Flu is spread when an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks, releasing the contagious virus into the air. People with the flu can transmit the virus to others from one day before getting sick to up to seven days after showing symptoms of the flu.

What is Respiratory Etiquette?

“Respiratory etiquette” is the newest phrase in healthcare circles, and refers to taking common-sense steps to prevent the spread of germs from person to person.

What can you do to Prevent Getting a Cold or the Flu?

  1.  Wash your hands before eating, or touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
  2.  Wash your hands after touching anyone who is sneezing, coughing or has a runny nose. This is true especially if you are taking care of someone who is sick.
  3.  Do not share towels, lipstick, toys, cigarettes, food, eating utensils, drinking glasses or anything that might be contaminated with respiratory germs.
  4.  Avoid close contact with people who are sick, and avoid close, crowded spaces when possible.
  5.  Cover your mouth and nose with tissue every time you sneeze, blow your nose, or cough. Do not use handkerchiefs.
  6.  Put used tissues in the nearest trashcan.  If you do not have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your   sleeve.
  7.  Stay home if you have a cough and fever.
  8.  Keep away from family members who are very young, very old, or have a serious disease or weak immune system.
  9.  Because cold viruses can survive for hours outside the body, cleaning surfaces with a virus-killing disinfectant (such as a one part bleach to nine parts water mixture) can help prevent the spread of common germs.


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